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Details for anatomical structure: blood

EndoNet ID: ENC00014

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blood, , sanguis

General information

A fluid tissue circulating in the cardio-vascular apparatus; the fluid is the means by which oxygen and nutritive materials are transported to the tissues and also carbon dioxide and various metabolic products are removed for excretion; the blood consists of a pale yellow or gray-yellow fluid, plasma, in which are suspended red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets

Links to other resources

Cytomer cy0045019

Larger structures

  • circulatory_system__hematopoietic_system
  • immune_system


  • B-lymphocyte
  • cell:plasma_cell
  • T-lymphocyte
  • platelet
  • serum
  • neutrophil_granulocyte
  • suppressor_T_cell
  • monocyte
  • helper_T_cell_Th1
  • killer_T_cell
  • leukocyte
  • eosinophil_granulocyte
  • helper_T_cell_Th2
  • lymphocyte
  • red_blood_cell
  • killer_cell
  • basophil_granulocyte
  • blood_myeloid_cell

Secreted hormones

  • Hormone: IL-1 beta

    • IL-1beta is abundantly secreted by activated macrophages and blood monocytes. [1]
  • Hormone: C-C motif chemokine 2

    • CC chemokine ligand 2 (CCL2) is constitutively expressed at high levels in human peripheral blood monocytes, and its expression is further up-modulated during their differentiation into macrophages as well as in the course of HIV infection. [2]
  • Hormone: IL-2

  • Hormone: MCP-2

  • Hormone: MCH

  • Hormone: chondromodulin 2

  • Hormone: fibronectin

  • Hormone: leukocystatin

  • Hormone: galectin-3-binding protein

  • Hormone: elastase-2

  • Hormone: IL-28A

  • Hormone: IL-28B

  • Hormone: IL-29

  • Hormone: sphingosine 1-phosphate

    • In the blood, S1P levels are in the low-micromolar range and are mainly contributed by erythrocytes. [3]
  • Hormone: lysophosphatidic acid


  • Receptor: B-CAM