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Details for anatomical structure: blood vessel

EndoNet ID: ENC00207

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blood vessel, , Vas sanguineum

General information

All the vessels lined with endothelium through which blood circulates, as arteries, veins, capillaries

Links to other resources

Cytomer cy0040486

Larger structures

  • circulatory_system__hematopoietic_system


  • pulmonary_vessels
  • cell_of_syncytiotrophoblast
  • cell:plasma_cell
  • T-lymphocyte
  • continuous_vascular_endothelial_cell_of_blood_vessels_and_lymphatics
  • Müllers_radial_cell_of_retina
  • umbilical_vein
  • osteoblast
  • endothelial_cell
  • smooth_muscle_cell
  • glial_cell_of_peripheral_nervous_system
  • mast_cell
  • mesenchyme_cell
  • macrophage
  • fibroblast
  • osteocyte
  • Schwann_cell

Secreted hormones

  • Hormone: fibronectin

  • Hormone: CTGF

  • Hormone: ECM1a

  • Hormone: EGF

  • Hormone: FGF-1 isoform 1

  • Hormone: elastase-2

  • Hormone: VCAM1 soluble form

  • Hormone: lysyl-bradykinin

  • Hormone: RANKL

  • Hormone: bradykinin

  • Hormone: IDL

    • Triglycerides in VLDL are removed in capillaries by lipoprotein lipase, afterwards VLDL returns to the circulation as IDL. [1]


  • Receptor: NPY5-R

  • Receptor: calcitonin-receptor-like receptor

  • Receptor: thrombospondin receptor

  • Receptor: neuropilin 1

    Induced phenotype:

    • excess of capillary formation
      • Overexpression of neuropilin 1 results in embryonic lethality owing to an excess of capillary formation. [2]
    • patterning of blood vessels
      • Semaphorin3a is a chemorepellent with multiple guidance functions, including peripheral vascular patterning and branching morphogenesis. [3]
  • Receptor: basigin

    Induced phenotype:

    • regulation of angiogenesis
      • Basigning regulates angiogenesis by increasing protease production ass well as by upregulation of hypoxia-inducible factor-2alpha, VEGFR2, and the soluble forms of VEGF. [4]
  • Receptor: angiotensin II type 1 receptor