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Details for anatomical structure: large intestine

EndoNet ID: ENC00221

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Synonyms

large intestine, , Intestinum crassum

General information

The portion of the digestive tube extending from the ileocecal valve to the rectum; it comprises the cecum and the colon

Links to other resources

Cytomer cy0048826

Larger structures

  • skeleton_muscle
  • muscle
  • parts_of_human_body
  • digestive_system
  • large_intestine

Substructures

  • alveolar_macrophage
  • B-lymphocyte
  • epithelial_cell_with_microvilli
  • cell:plasma_cell
  • dendritic_cell_in_lymphoid_tissues_follicular
  • T-lymphocyte
  • suppressor_T_cell
  • appendix
  • memory_cell_T
  • dendritic_cell_in_lymphoid_tissues
  • monocyte
  • smooth_muscle_cell
  • killer_T_cell
  • helper_T_cell_Th1
  • helper_T_cell_Th2
  • lymphocyte
  • mast_cell
  • caecum
  • rectum
  • mesenchyme_cell
  • macrophage
  • colon
  • fibroblast

Secreted hormones

  • Hormone: urocortin-3

    • Ucn 3 expression is examined in the normal human large intestine. [1]
  • Hormone: neuromedin B

  • Hormone: SFRP1

  • Hormone: gremlin-1

  • Hormone: laminin alpha-4 chain

  • Hormone: APOC1

  • Hormone: APOD

  • Hormone: RELMbeta

Receptors

  • Receptor: PPARgamma1

    • PPARγ1 had the broadest tissue expression(...)PPARγ1 mRNA was found in the heart, large and small intestines, colon, kidney, pancreas, spleen and skeletal muscle. [2]
  • Receptor: CaSR

  • Receptor: EP4

  • Receptor: frizzled 2

  • Receptor: LXR-alpha

  • Receptor: PPAR beta/delta

    • A study with human tissues showed that PPARä was present in liver, intestine, kidney, abdominal adipose, and skeletal muscle, tissues that are all involved in aspects of lipid metabolism [2]
Reference